A Brief History

What follows is only the barest overview of what has preceded in time, for those that lack even a basic knowledge of the history of this land. Those who find their appetites whetted will no doubt avail themselves of the many fine works of history in the libraries, bookshops and colleges of the Grey City.

—Mezinkainen the Sage

Abbreviated Timeline (dates prior 1 Common Year Reckoning are estimates)

Age before Ages – Mythic prehistory of Oerth; forces of Law battle Chaos

Ancient History

  • -10,000 CYR – Elves arrive in Oerth from somewhere else
  • -7,500 CYR – Human tribes arrive in western Flanaess from parts unknown
  • -7,500-6,500 CYR – Elves tutor humans in mathematics, sciences, art, and magick
  • -6,500 CYR – Elves are discourage by rapid spread of humans; migrate east
  • -6,400 CYR – 10 tribes of Se-Ul form one mega-tribe: the Suel
  • -6,400-4,414 CYR – Age of Glory: Suel heroes Anainyer, Alianor, Obendar, Arinanin, and Tilorop
  • -5,775 CYR – Last of the Elves’ western fortresses abandoned
  • -5,442 CYR – Suel mages learn Binding: 12 genii princes are bound for magical knowledge
  • -4,500 CYR – 4 Kingdoms of the Eastern Elves founded; Highfolk, Celene, Aliador, and Arrisa
  • -4,414 CYR – Suel Imperium established; Elonzar-b-nar crowned 1st Emperor
  • -4,400-2,250 CYR – Flowering of the Elves; city of Erieadan founded, reign of Queen Ehlissa
  • -4,400-4,200 CYR – Rise and fall of Caerdiralor, ancient civilization of the Flan
  • -2,660 CYR – El-Baklun-bar-Gash, prophet of Al-Akbar starts Baklun tribe/religion
  • -2,313 CYR – Emperor Zofar ad-Zol commands the release of bound Genii Princes
  • -2,281 CYR – Emperor Zelfed ad-Zol institutes widespread slaving in Suel Imperium
  • -2,269-2,250 CYR – Era of “Conquest and Prosperity;” Baklunes enslaved by Suel
  • -2,226 CYR – Flan migrate to east; encounter elves. Relations are initially friendly
  • -1,900 CYR – Rise of the Flannae Sulm Kingdoms
  • -1,747 CYR – Flannae child Vecna given as a hostage to High King Galitholian Glitterhaim
  • -1,733 CYR – As favorite of the High King, Vecna is tutored by Elf archmages
  • -1,716 CYR – Now a powerful mage, Vecna raises a tower on Isle of Woe
  • -1,711 CYR – Vecna becomes chieftain of the Ur-Flannae, a powerful Flan tribe
  • -1,671 CYR – Vecna achieves immortality through lichedom. He lusts for greater power
  • -1,669-1,148 CYR – Vecna wages 500 year war against Elves, raising lost soldiers as undead
  • -1,545 CYR – Great Revolt: Ali-ben-Onar wins Baklunish freedom, founds Supreme Caliphate
  • -1,545-1,279 CYR – Supreme Caliphate grows into an empire that rivals the Suel Imperium
  • -1,400 CYR – Decline of Flannae Sulm Kingdoms, desertification of Sulm grasslands
  • -1,148 CYR – Vecna razes Aliador, slays last High King of Elves, Age of Elves ended
  • -1,142 CYR – Vecna slain by a traitorous lieutenant, his evil kingdom collapses
  • -1,105 CYR – Zinkman ad-Zol, crowned 97th emperor of the Imperium
  • -1,050 CYR – Relations between Suel Imperium and Supreme Caliphate are severely strained
  • -903 CYR – Sulm Kingdoms abandoned, declared the “Bright Desert”
  • -728 CYR – Plague devastates the west, 40% population drop
  • -645 CYR – Chenil of Aerdy leads several united Oeridian tribes out of Suel into the east
  • -627 CYR – Opening skirmishes between Suel Imperium and Supreme Caliphate
  • -535 CYR – Suel mage Lyzandred achieves Lichdom; traps himself in demi-plane to hide formula
  • -504 CYR – Zunid-ad-Zol crowned Emperor, Supreme Caliphate cuts diplomatic ties to Imperium
  • -485 CYR – War of the Ancients begins between Suel Imperium and Balunish Supreme Caliphate
  • -465 CYR – Their armies depleted, the empires breed and employ monsters to carry-on war
  • -457 CYR – Great Migrations reach their peak in response to the devastation in the west
  • -422 CYR – Twin Cataclysms; Suel Imperium and Supreme Caliphate totally annihilated

Age of Lost Hope

  • -352 CYR – Kingdom of Keoland established; oldest surviving human kingdom
  • -330 CYR – Isle of Woe sinks into the Nyr Dyv
  • -315 CYR – A small frontier village on the Selintan River called Greyhawk for the 1st time
  • -217 CYR – Jalpa Plains settled, Kingdom of Aerdy established
  • -110 CYR – Battle of Fortnight’s Length; Aerdy defeats Nyrond, becomes dominant power

Age of Empire

  • 1 CYR — 1st Overking Crowned, Aerdy called Great Kingdom, extends west to Greyhawk
  • 15 CYR — Greyhawk rises to become an important Aeridish outpost
  • 43 CYR — Greyhawk becomes capitol of an imperial province
  • 100 CYR — Ferrond established as westernmost Aeridish imperial province
  • 185 CYR — A comet appeas, Elves, Dwarves, and other demihumans declare war on humans
  • 195 CYR — Ser Kargoth (the Destroyer) arrives in Greyhawk to win the Unhuman War
  • 195-210 CYR — Greyhawk City fortified, Grand Citadel constructed
  • 201 CYR — Lurienia razed, demihuman leadership captured or killed
  • 213 CYR — Demihumans surrender, Unhuman War ends. Elves declare start of Age of Sorrow
  • 220 CYR –- City of Hardby flourishes as Greyhawk’s southern port
  • 230 CYR –- Aerdy garrisons Recalled from Greyhawk; civil unrest in Aerdy
  • 250 CYR — Height of monarchical Greyhawk

Reign of the Successor States

  • 254 CYR — “Great Rebellion” 1st Civil war in Aerdy; Ferrond declares independence
  • 279 CYR — Greyhawk declares independence from Aerdy
  • 310 CYR –- Shield Lands settled by pilgrims fleeing persecution in the Great Kingdom
  • 318 CYR — Zagyg Yragerne, minor noble from Hardby, arrives in Greyhawk City
  • 320 CYR –- Zagyg leads a coup; claims power for himself and his cronies
  • 320 CYR — Construction begins on Castle Greyhawk
  • 320-356 CYR — Perranland, Veluna, Tenh, Nyrond, and the Pale secede from Aerdy
  • 360 CYR — “Turmoil of the Crowns” 2nd civil war in Aerdy
  • 361 CYR — 1st rumors of a Witch inhabiting the Gnarley Forest
  • 375 CYR — Height of Greyhawk under Zagyg
  • 375-421 CYR — Reign of the “Mad Archmage;” decline of Greyhawk
  • 421 CYR — Zagyg disappears; dangerous labyrinth found beneath Castle Greyhawk. Castle sealed
  • 422 CYR — Hardby declares independence from Greyhawk
  • 437-446 CYR –- Great Kingdom severely weakened by succession of inept and corrupt rulers
  • 438 CYR — “Short War” fought between Furyondy and Keoland; Gran March, Bissel, Yeomenry formed
  • 446-450 CYR –- “Crisis of Misrule” 3rd Civil War in Aerdy, Ivid I wins and starts new dynasty
  • 450 CYR –- Urnst wins independence from Nyrond
  • 451 CYR — Wanderers spread rumors of great treasure in Castle Greyhawk. Dungeon Boom begins
  • 460 CYR –- Perranland Falls under the sway of “The Sorceress”
  • 460 CYR –- Faerie Kingdom of Celene revealed, its borders are closed to humans
  • 479 CYR — Vatun Vulderpayne carves out his own kingdom in northern Furyondy
  • 480 CYR — Lord Vatun terrorizes Vesve Forest and Howling Hills; confounds King Avras III
  • 480 CYR — Dungeon Boom ends due to treasure depletion
  • 496 CYR –- Red Death Plague sweeps through central Flanaess, thousands perish
  • 498 CYR –- Civil war in Urnst
  • 505 CYR –- Rumors of renewed treasure in Castle Greyhawk; Campaign Start

A Brief History

CotMA: Castle of the Mad Archmage gorzhak